Shoulder pain from injuries can either be acute or chronic. It can be caused from a sports injury, trauma, or overuse over a period of time. Once shoulder ligaments have been damaged, scar tissue and inflammation can form and build, causing the injury to flare up and cause pain. If previous treatments haven’t provided sufficient pain relief, minimally invasive regenerative treatment may be an option. Patients are seeking alternative options including injections, stem cell based products, Exosomes and EPAT (Extracoporeal Pulse Activation Therapy) to manage pain and expedite recovery.
What is Shoulder Pain?
You can injure your shoulder from direct impact, such as from sports, or from over stretching a muscle, tendon or ligament, twisting the joint, direct trauma, or overstressing the joint over a period of time.
Shoulder Pain Causes
Shoulder pain can be caused from different factors. It can happen as we age with the wear and tear of our joints – rotator cuff injuries tend to occur in people over 40, and as high as 30% in people over 70 years old. Shoulder arthritis can also be a factor, causing muscle weakness and instability. If you’re an active person or have a labor-heavy occupation, overuse is another common cause of shoulder injury. Repetitive motions such as hammering, painting, even swimming, tennis or pitching a baseball can cause an injury over time.
Other causes of shoulder pain include:
- Rotator cuff tear
- Dislocated shoulder
- Glenoid labrum tear
- AC joint separation
- Frozen shoulder
Shoulder Pain Symptoms
People who have shoulder pain report feeling stiffness and decreased shoulder mobility. Since there are several possible causes of shoulder pain, the symptoms can vary, however some common shoulder pain symptoms include:
- A constant dull ache in your shoulder
- Sudden swelling
- An inability to raise your arm
- Deformity to the shoulder joint
- Severe pain
Currently, the most common treatment for shoulder pain is anti-inflammatory medications, physical therapy, steroid injections or in extreme cases shoulder surgery, which can take months of therapy to recover from. However, regenerative medicine is an emerging field, which offers a non-surgical options including Platelet Rich Plasma (PRP), stem cell based products, exosomes, or injections to reduce pain in enhance recovery.